Updated: Apr 28, 2021
"Summary: It is clear that illegal foreign contributions were made to the DNC and that these contributions were facilitated by individuals with extensive ties to the PRC. The original sources of many of these contributions were bank accounts in the Greater China area.
It is also clear that well before the 1996 elections, officials at the highest levels of the Chinese government approved of efforts to increase the PRC's involvement in the U.S. political process."
Final Report of the Committee On Governmental Affairs
Senate Rept. 105-167 - 105th Congress 2d Session - March 10, 1998
1) CCP's Political Warfare (联络工作) Doctrine:
"Political warfare is an extension of armed conflict by other means and a critical component of PRC security strategy and foreign policy. PRC political warfare includes those operations that seek to influence the emotions, motives, objectives, reasoning, and behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals in a manner favorable to the PRC’s political-military-economic objectives, and which are generally conducted with hostile intent. PRC political warfare is all-encompassing: it is unrestricted warfare and a form of total war. It also includes use of active measures such as violence and other forms of coercive, destructive attacks.
Weapons in the PRC’s political warfare arsenal of influence include actions such as co-opting institutions, organizations, and people through so-called “united fronts”; the use of law to undermine countries and institutions; and psychological operations. They also incorporate propaganda, diplomatic coercion, disinformation such as rumors and fake news, overt and covert media manipulation, active measures, hybrid warfare, espionage, and such soft power functions as public diplomacy, public affairs, public relations, and cultural affairs activities."
Marine Corps University Press
Professor Kerry Gershaneck
2) CCP's Unrestricted Warfare Doctrine (超限战): Warfare That Transcends All Boundaries
"Two PLA Air Force senior colonels, Qiao Liang [STC: 0829 5328] of the PLA Air Force Political Department and Wang Xiangsui [STC: 3769 3276 4482] of the Guangzhou Military District PLA Air Force Political Department, published "Unrestricted Warfare" - Assumptions on War and Tactics in the Age of Globalization" in February 1999. Rather than examining new military technologies, the two senior colonels take a step back and discuss how the coming of various new technologies in general is in turn bringing changes in military tactics, strategies and organization.
'Unrestricted Warfare' means that any methods can be prepared for use, information is everywhere, the battlefield is everywhere, and that any technology might be combined with any other technology, and that the boundaries between war and non-war and between military and non-military affairs has systematically broken down.
New weapons concepts are completely different from new concept weapons. New weapons concepts is a broad conception of weapons that transcends the military field whatever method can be used to fight a war is a weapon. In this view, whatever provides benefits to mankind can also be turned around to be a weapon to harm mankind. That is to say that there is nothing in the world that cannot become a weapon. This smashes our conception of just what a weapon is. Just as technology is multiplying the number of different kinds of weapons, new thinking breaks down the distinction between weapon and non-weapon.
To our way of thinking, a planned stock market crash, a computer virus attack, making the currency exchange rate of an enemy country erratic, and spreading rumors on the Internet about the leaders of an enemy country can all be thought of as new concept weapons. This new way of thinking puts weapons into the daily lives of civilians. New concept weapons can make of war something that even military professionals will find hard to imagine. Both soldiers and civilians will be disturbed to see items in their everyday lives become weapons that can attack and kill.
The combination of weapons systems can create a new kind of technical space a new battlefield that never existed before. Electronic and information technologies have created a net space, which can become a battlefield. The battlefield extends simultaneously at the micro, medium-range and macro level as well as in various hybrid technical spaces in ways in never did before. The proliferation of weapons and technologies has blurred the distinction between the soldiers and civilians and between the battlefield and the non-battlefield. The battlefield is everywhere. From a computer room or on from the trading floor of a stock exchange a lethal attack on a foreign country can be launched. In such a world is there anywhere that is not a battlefield? Where is the battlefield? It is everywhere."
PLA Colonels on "Unrestricted Warfare"
Qiao Liang (PLA Air Force Political Department) and Wang Xiangsui (Guangzhou Military District PLA Air Force Political Department)
3) Bill Clinton, DNC Donations, and China's Communist Party
"On November 8, 1994, Americans shifted control of both houses of Congress to the Republican Party for the first time in 40 years. For a time, the election rendered President Clinton so weak in the polls that many experts questioned his ‘‘relevance,’’ suggesting that he might face a primary challenge as he attempted to secure his re-election in 1996.
In early 1995, the President began meeting with his closest advisors to develop a plan to ensure his re-election by ‘‘pulling out all the stops’’ in campaign fundraising. At this time, in an atmosphere of abject political desperation, the seeds were sown which would later grow into the DNC’s variegated fundraising scandals of 1996.
The Democratic Party raised three times as much money for the 1996 election as it had for the 1992 contest, and President Clinton was re-elected. The President’s success, however, came at a steep price. In the frenzied drive to raise such large amounts of campaign money, the Democratic Party dismantled its own internal vetting procedures, no longer caring, in effect, where its money came from and who was supplying it. Worse, their campaign eviscerated federal fundraising laws and reduced the White House, key Administration offices, and the Presidency itself, to fundraising tools.
For the U.S. political process as a whole, the DNC and White House’s reckless fundraising disregarded an obvious risk—the danger that powerful foreign nationals, or even governments, would attempt to buy influence through campaign contributions. The Committee uncovered strong circumstantial evidence that the Government of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) was involved in funding, directing, or encouraging some of these foreign contributions.
Following the 1996 election, and in the wake of the growing DNC fundraising controversy, the DNC was ultimately forced to return $2,825,600 in illegal or improper donations. Of this total amount, almost 80 percent was either raised or contributed by two men - John Huang and Charlie Trie.
Accordingly, the Committee began its hearings by focusing significant attention on Huang and Trie, hoping to answer two interrelated questions: what did President Clinton and his top aides know about their illegal fundraising activities, and why was nothing done to curb those activities?
This particular inquiry faced significant obstacles because Trie fled to China soon after the controversy arose, Huang invoked the Fifth Amendment and refused to cooperate with the Committee, and the President declined the Committee’s invitation to testify. Despite these obstacles, the evidence strongly suggests that, at a minimum, the White House and the DNC received clear signs of danger concerning both men and simply chose to ignore these warnings."
Final Report of the Committee On Governmental Affairs
Senate Rept. 105-167 - 105th Congress 2d Session - March 10, 1998
4) John Huang, Illegal DNC Fundraising & The Hatch Act
"Throughout the Committee’s investigation, John Huang has persisted as one of the most central figures in the campaign finance scandal. Huang’s involvement was evident from the earliest inkling that there was systematic illegality in the way the DNC raised money during the 1996 election cycle. The first sign was a Los Angeles Times story about an illegal $250,000 contribution to the DNC from Cheong Am America. Mr. Huang raised that money.
Huang proved to be a prodigious fund-raiser for the DNC in 1996, bringing in $3.4 million to DNC coffers. Nearly half of that amount has been returned to date, and there are serious questions about much of the balance not returned.
Huang is linked through his fund-raising activities to many other important figures in the scandal, including Maria Hsia, Ted Sioeng, Charlie Trie, Mark Middleton, Pauline Kanchanalak, Antonio Pan, and Huang’s patrons and former employers, the Riadys.
Before he went to the DNC, Huang worked as a political appointee at the Department of Commerce. The press has written often about Huang’s activities at Commerce, including how he got a job there, what security clearances he held, what classified or other sensitive information he had access to in the course of his employment, whether he leaked or mishandled any such information, and whether he engaged in political fund-raising there.
What emerges from the Committee’s investigation is a picture of Huang both complex and vexing, which raises as many questions as it answers. He was a valuable fundraiser for the 1992 and 1996 Clinton campaigns and a ‘‘must hire’’ candidate who knew President Clinton personally, yet he obtained only a mid-level appointment in the Administration. Despite his modest position and the fact that he was purposely excluded from any real policy work at Commerce, Huang received classified intelligence briefings, and he appears to have met often with high ranking White House officials, including, on occasion, the President himself. In addition, he met with various Chinese diplomatic officials with some frequency, even though he was suppose to be ‘‘walled off’’ from substantive China policy at Commerce.
However, the Committee was able to draw back the curtain on at least some of his activities by reviewing phone records, appointment books, work product, and other documents that create a paper portrait of his actions. This paper trail, when augmented by relevant testimony from officials at the DNC and Stephens D.C., shows that much of what Huang did at Commerce bore little relation to his job. Specifically, the records and relevant testimony indicate that while at Commerce, Huang probably raised political contributions illegally, stayed in contact with Lippo officials to an extraordinary degree, enjoyed frequent access to the White House unexplained by his substantive job responsibilities, and had frequent contacts with various foreign embassy officials, including PRC (CCP) officials.
The circumstances surrounding Huang’s hiring by the DNC were unusual. DNC officials were lobbied by close associates of the President, such as Giroir and Middleton, to hire Huang. Ultimately, the President himself intervened to help Huang move from the Commerce Department to the DNC, after meeting with Huang and James Riady, Huang’s patron and long-time friend and supporter of the President.
Top DNC officials were sufficiently concerned about the possibility that Huang’s fund-raising could run afoul of the law that they requested special, individualized legal training for Huang. Whether this training occurred is a matter of controversy, as will be seen. Although prudently directing that Huang be given special training, DNC officials conferred an ‘‘unprecedented’’ incentive compensation package on Huang, one likely to encourage aggressive fund-raising. As will be seen, Huang was an extraordinarily aggressive fund-raiser who violated a variety of federal laws.
The evidence shows that at the same time that the President of the United States was prodding DNC officials to hire Huang, Huang was already raising money in violation of the Hatch Act. DNC officials apparently recognized the illegality and took steps to cover the paper trail by substituting Jane Huang’s name for John Huang’s on DNC check tracking forms.
The Cheong Am contribution is a good example of how the DNC had to know that the contribution was from a foreign source, and thus illegal, but still accepted it because it was too easy to pass up—$250,000 for a five minute photo-op with the President."
Final Report of the Committee On Governmental Affairs
Senate Rept. 105-167 - 105th Congress 2d Session - March 10, 1998
5) CCP Espionage & Influence in the Modern Era
"China’s party-state controls the world’s most heavily resourced set of propaganda tools. Beijing communicates its narrative through state-run television, print, radio, and online organizations whose presence is proliferating in the United States and around the world. The CCP often conceals its investments in foreign media entities. In 2015, China Radio International was revealed to control 33 radio stations in 14 countries via shell entities, and to subsidize multiple intermediaries through providing free, pro-Beijing content.
Beyond the media, the CCP uses a range of actors to advance its interests in the United States and other open democracies. CCP United Front organizations and agents target businesses, universities, think tanks, scholars, journalists, and local, state, and Federal officials in the United States and around the world, attempting to influence discourse and restrict external influence inside the PRC.
Beijing regularly attempts to compel or persuade Chinese nationals and others to undertake a range of malign behaviors that threaten United States national and economic security, and undermine academic freedom and the integrity of the United States research and development enterprise.
These behaviors include misappropriation of technology and intellectual property, failure to appropriately disclose relationships with foreign government sponsored entities, breaches of contract and confidentiality, and manipulation of processes for fair and merit-based allocation of Federal research and development funding. Beijing also attempts to compel Chinese nationals to report on and threaten fellow Chinese students, protest against events that run counter to Beijing’s political narrative, and otherwise restrict the academic freedom that is the hallmark and strength of the American education system.
PRC media entities, journalists, academics, and diplomats are free to operate in the United States, but Beijing denies reciprocal access to American counterpart institutions and officials.
Beijing’s Military-Civil Fusion (MCF) strategy gives the PLA unfettered access into civil entities developing and acquiring advanced technologies, including state-owned and private firms, universities, and research programs.
The PRC’s attempts to dominate the global information and communications technology industry through unfair practices is reflected in discriminatory regulations like the PRC National Cyber Security Law, which requires companies to comply with Chinese data localization measures that enable CCP access to foreign data."
U.S. Department of State, Global Public Affairs
6) The Modern DNC, CCP & The Clinton Foundation
"After McCabe became FBI Deputy Director in February 2016, McCabe had an active role in the supervision of the Midyear investigation, and oversight of the Clinton Foundation investigation, until he recused himself from these investigations on November 1, 2016. McCabe voluntarily recused himself on November 1, at Comey’s urging, as the result of an October 23 article in the Wall Street Journal identifying the substantial donations from McAuliffe’s PAC and the Virginia Democratic Party to Dr. McCabe.
The article described McAuliffe as “an influential Democrat with long-standing ties to Bill and Hillary Clinton” and noted that McCabe was an FBI official “who later helped oversee the investigation into Mrs. Clinton’s email use.”
In 2015, McCabe’s spouse, Dr. Jill McCabe, ran for a Virginia State Senate seat. During the campaign, Dr. McCabe’s campaign committee received substantial monetary and in-kind contributions, totaling $675,288 or approximately 40 percent of the total contributions raised by Dr. McCabe for her state senate campaign, from then Governor McAuliffe’s Political Action Committee (PAC) and from the Virginia Democratic Party.
On June 26, 2015, Hillary Clinton was the featured speaker at a fundraiser in
Fairfax, Virginia hosted by the Virginia Democratic Party and attended by Governor McAuliffe. News accounts at the time indicated that the party raised more than $1,000,000 at the fundraiser.
McCabe also told us that until that time, he did not consider addressing a potential Clinton conflict because neither he nor his wife had any connection to Hillary Clinton, his wife’s campaign received no support from her, and whatever relationship Hillary Clinton had to Governor McAuliffe did not appear to McCabe to be grounds for a conflict.
The supervising case agent told us he was concerned because, among other things, he knew “the Clintons and McAuliffe are hard to separate,” and that McAuliffe ran her 2008 campaign for President. He also described his concerns as being protective of McCabe’s interests by anticipating how any participation by him on a Clinton matter would play out in the press since “the ADIC’s wife has benefited from her relationship to McAuliffe.”
Office of the Inspector General, U.S. Department of Justice
"China is powerfully influencing U.S. elections, as President Donald Trump alleged, but one will not necessarily find a Chinese intelligence agent stuffing ballot boxes in the local City Hall, or tampering with a voting booth.
Vice President Mike Pence had it right when he said, “There can be no doubt: China is meddling in America’s democracy.” He said that Beijing was involved in “an unprecedented effort to influence American public opinion, the 2018 elections, and the environment leading into the 2020 presidential elections.”
Billionaire Wang Wenliang, a Chinese national with ties to the Chinese government, donated $2 million to the Clinton Foundation in 2013. A company he controls gave $120,000 to Democratic Virginia Governor Terry McAuliffe starting the same year. The FBI subsequently investigated Mr. McAuliffe over allegations of foreign income, lobbying for foreign interests, and failure to register as a foreign agent.
Mr. Wang’s donations go beyond election campaigns, to supporting the golden parachutes that politicians use after they leave office. Harvard, New York University and the influential Washington think tank, the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), have all received donations from Mr. Wang or his company, Rilin Enterprises, and all serve as way-stations for former politicians. Mr. Wang is a member of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), and sufficiently trusted by Chinese authorities to contract with Rilin for construction on the Chinese Consulate and U.N. offices in New York."
The Journal of Political Risk
"Two Republican senators are asking the Department of Justice (DOJ) and intelligence community for any and all intelligence records tied to foreign nationals with links to the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) who had business dealings with Hunter Biden, son of President Joe Biden.
In their letter (pdf) to the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) and DOJ Attorney General, Sens. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa), ranking member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, and Ron Johnson (R-Wis.), ranking member of the HSGAC Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, noted that they have been reviewing financial transactions and connections between and among members of the Biden family and foreign nationals connected to the CCP, including its military and intelligence services.
Of particular concern, the GOP senators wrote in their letter, Hunter Biden had a “close and personal relationship” with Ye Jianming, a Chinese oil tycoon whose company, CEFC China Energy Co. (CEFC), sought oil drilling rights in Chad and Uganda. Ye reportedly had links to the communist regime’s People’s Liberation Army.
“Li Guangjin gave Ye Jianming many pointers,” according to early core member of CEFC. CEFC's entry into Shanghai happened in lockstep with Li Guangjin’s reassignment to Shanghai. Li Guangjin became a member of the Fujian CCP Standing Committee and the Political Commissar of the Provincial Military District.
“It’s imperative that Congress better understand the relationship Ye Jianming, Gongwen Dong, and Patrick Ho had between and among themselves, with the communist Chinese government, CEFC China Energy, and their activities in the United States, including those relating to the Biden family.
Federal investigators are currently probing Hunter Biden’s “tax affairs,” including reportedly his business dealings with China. While he also holds a stake in a Chinese private equity firm, the White House press secretary said earlier this month that the younger Biden “has been working to unwind his investment.”"
7) Eric Swalwell - Representative (D-CA 15th District)
"House GOP Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) said he and Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) were briefed on Friday about a Chinese Communist spy’s alleged relationship with a Democratic member of Congress.
McCarthy told Fox News that Rep. Eric Swalwell (D-Calif.)—who was the subject of an explosive Axios report detailing how a young [CCP] female spy named Fang Fang was allegedly able to get into his inner circle—shouldn’t be allowed on the House Intelligence Committee.
“He should not be on Intel,” McCarthy told reporters after meeting with the FBI. “I just think there are definitely 200 other Democrats that I know could fill that place,” McCarthy added.
8) Congressional Black Caucus
"Winters also pointed out that the Congressional Black Caucus, had a very “intense” relationship with CUSEF for around a decade.
“Members of this caucus, included [Vice President] Kamala Harris and ‘Squad’ members like [Rep.] Ilhan Omar. They have actually sent their student-age constituents to China on these sponsored trips, the same ones that the media outlets have been going on,” Winters added. “They toured Huawei facilities. It’s absolutely astounding.”
Winters said that many students who go on these trips write blog posts for the CUSEF website.
“And in one of the posts, one of the poor girls who went on the trip, she actually talked about how China is an ‘amazing communist country’ that outperforms the United States in virtually every level,” Winters added. “So that is propaganda at its absolute finest.”
Winters also pointed out that the first group of students that went to China was called the “Marcia Fudge Inaugural Cohort” because Rep. Marcia Fudge (D-Ohio) spearheaded the “whole effort.”
Fudge was nominated by Biden to be secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
CUSEF is not the only organization that works for the CCP. On Dec. 4, 2020, the Trump administration terminated five China-funded propaganda programs, including CUSEF."
8) Stacey Abrams (Georgia)
"Stacey Abrams serves on the board of the Center For American Progress, which has participated in exchanges with a premier Chinese Communist Party-linked propaganda organization for over a decade, even co-authoring reports with the group, The National Pulse can today reveal.
Among its Democratic board members is Abrams, who remarked she was “honored to be joining the board of the Center for American Progress,” as it “has been at the forefront of progressive policy development and activism for years.” What’s more, the left-wing activist spoke at the group’s 2019 conference to outline “solutions to combat voter suppression efforts.”
However, in conjunction with the group’s years of left-wing activism praised by Abrams, CAP has collaborated extensively with the Chinese Communist Party.
CAP has repeatedly partnered with the China-United States Exchange Foundation (CUSEF) on sponsored trips to China, reports, and other endeavors for over a decade. Aided by Western lobbying firms, CUSEF has set out to “effectively disseminate positive messages to the media, key influencers and opinion leaders, and the general public” regarding China, according to Foreign Agent Registration Act (FARA) filings with the Department of Justice."
The National Pulse